Admiral Sir Erasmus Gower (1742-1814)

Associated People M - N

Listed alphabetically by Surname

Mackintosh, Captain William (c.1744-1803).

HEIC captain. Born in Scotland. Served as a seaman in several merchant ships, then three years in the Royal Navy; midshipman in HMS London and midshipman/acting lieutenant HMS Deal Castle. Master of several merchant ships, then mate in HEIC Rochford 1779/80. Promoted to captain in 1789/90 into Hindostan and in this ship he accompanied Gower (HMS Lion) to China with Lord Macartney’s embassy (1792-4). Last noted a captain of Hindostan (2) 1796/7. A series of water colour paintings of HMS Lion under full sail, held in the collection of the NMM, Greenwich, are attributed to 'W.M. - (Artist unknown)'. I believe these were painted by William Mackintosh on board HEIC Hindostan. Captain Mackintosh died at his house in Gower Street, London, on 12th May 1803 and through his will and codicils, left a £10,000 legacy to educate (at the Inverness Academy) boys of the name Mackintosh, from the villages of Farr, Holm, Dalmigavie and Kyllachy, Inverness. The money, invested in government funds, was estimated to be worth £28,218 in 1835. 1 The new statistical account of Scotland, Vol 6, 33-4. In 1835 the Mackintosh Endowment was the subject of an enquiry by the House of Lords as only a few boys had been educated and the fund was growing through re-investment. By 1887, however, it appeared destined to absorbtion under the Education Endowments Act for general education purposes. I have not been able to determine how long it continued but it had a long history of extreme political interference 2 House of Lords Sessional Papers. 1835 Vol 10, Pt 2, 110-111, and House of Commons Debates 25 April 1887 vol 313 cc1937-46

Malbon, Captain Micajah RN (c.1774-1813).

Son of Micajah Malbon, gentleman, of Barking , Essex, (whose will was proven on 22nd December 1775). Married Mary Monnie on 14th October 1797 at Saint Mary’s, Portsea, Hampshire, and had a son, also named Micajah, baptised on 9th March 1798. Was in HMS Cynthia,(18), in late 1799. In 1803 he was in HMS Aurora under Vice-admiral Gambier (qv) in Newfoundland when he captured the Islands of Peters from the French in a daring cutting-out operation under fog cover. 3 The Edinburgh Evening Courant Monday, October 24th, 1803. Malbon acted as surrogate at St Mary’s during Gower’s first term as Governor in 1804. In 1805 Captain Malbon went to HMS Hebe ,(32), and died, aged 36, in 1813, 'Captain in His Majesty’s Navy of Portsea , Hampshire'.

Montagu, Captain James RN (1752-1794).

Promoted by his father, Admiral John Montagu, to lieutenant in 1771; commander of sloop Tamar, 1773; commander of mail ship Mercury, returned to England to announce British capture of Rhode Island in 1776; the Mercury was wrecked in the Hudson river on hitting a ship hull that had been sunk underwater as a barrier by the colonists in 1778; faced a court-martial for the loss of the Mercury but was acquitted; commanded the Medea in the North Sea, 1778-1780; command of the Juno, 1780; at Bombay, India, 1782; at action off Cuddalore, 1783; returned to England, 1785; 12-month leave to France, 1786; command of the Montagu (74) as part of the Grand Fleet under Howe, 1793-1794; killed in battle of Ushant, 1794, during the battle termed ‘the Glorious First of June’.

Man [Mann], Admiral Robert RN (?-1783).

Nothing has been traced about his origins or early career. Made post captain (HMS Launceston) on 22nd June 1745. Rear-admiral of the red 1770. Commander-in-chief Mediterranean 1775 (HMS Medway) to 1777. (Gower was lieutenant in HMS Levant under his command).Vice-admiral of the blue March 1775 and white 1776. Vice-admiral of the red 1778. Went ashore and was made a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty in April 1779. Promoted to admiral of the blue in 1780, he was described as 'standing first in the opinion of the profession both for seamanship and integrity' 4 By a friend of Admiral Keppel to Eden. Quoted in: Patterson. The other armada... 89. and was offered the command of the Channel Fleet which he politely declined on the grounds of ill health. He died at his elegant residence at Park-Row, Greenwich in 1783, 'revered and loved both as a gentleman and a commander'. 5 DNB Vol 5, 397-399 He was described as 'of an advanced age'.

Marshall, Captain Sir Samuel RN (1740-1795).

Entered Royal Navy in 1753 with his father, Captain Samuel Marshall, in HMS Tyger, as a captain’s servant. He then served in Bristol, (AB & Midshipman), Nottingham (Mids), Somerset (AB & Mids) and Namur, (74), as AB. Was with his father in Namur when that ship foundered and sank in the East Indies with the loss of five hundred and twenty officers and men. Served as 5th lieutenant in HMS Terrible for 20 months and confirmed as lieutenant in 1760. Made master and commander September 24th 1762 and post captain in HMS Princess Amelia on 24th January 1771. Rodney’s flag captain in 1772-4, where Gower served under him as a lieutenant in Princess Amelia and HMS Portland. In 1778, as captain of HMS Arethusa he fired the 'first shots of war' against France. (See entry for Browell ). Appeared as a witness in the court martial of admiral Keppel in 1779. Captain Marshall, in HMS Flora, fought in the Battle of the Saintes (12th April 1782) under Rodney. Rodney returned to England in September 1782 in HMS Montagu, (74), and transferred his flag to Flora, Captain Marshall, in the Bristol Channel. Marshall then accompanied Admiral Rodney ashore. From November 1783 to October 1787 Marshall commanded HMS Pegase, which remained at Portsmouth as a guardship. Some time before 1790 he was appointed a Commissioner of Victualling (Navy Board) and was knighted on 29th June 1794. Captain Marshall was a close friend of Sir Henry Martin [qv] and would have followed Gower’s career through Sir Henry. Samuel Marshall married Elizabeth Worsley and they had, perhaps, three children; Samuel c. 1776, Elizabeth Margaret, 1767 and Edith Mary c, 1770. Nothing else has been found.

Martin, Captain Sir Henry 1st Baronet RN (1733-1794).

Naval Commissioner at Portsmouth and Comptroller of the Navy. Lieutenant Henry Martin was made post captain in HMS L`Arc en Ciel, (50), which was taken in 1756 by HMS Litchfield and HMS Norwich. Was in HMS Danae under commodore Rowley (qv) in HMS Superb in May 1762 when they drove off a French fleet which later captured St John’s, Newfoundland. Gower was a midshipman on Superb at this time. Sir Henry was appointed commissioner of Portsmouth dockyard in 1780, a position which included the governorship of the Royal Academy, instituted for the education of young gentlemen for the royal navy. He was a close friend and probable patron of Gower. Sir Erasmus corresponded with him during his voyage to China as captain of HMS Lion and the correspondence gives a very good description of the mission from its captain’s point of view. (See chapters - 'A Lion to China' and 'Great Plans Dashed'). Father of Admiral Sir Thomas Byam Martin (qv), Sir Henry’s correspondence with Prince William Henry (qv) after that nobleman proposed marriage to his daughter, Sarah, 6 Sarah Catherine Martin (1768-1826) is credited with writing and illustrating the Nursery rhyme ' Old Mother Hubbard' in 1804. is a perfect example of gentlemanly manners and decorum. Prince William retained a strong affection for Sir Henry and Lady Martin and took their son, Thomas Byam Martin to sea; the beginning of an illustrious career. Sir Henry was created Baron Martin of Lockynge, Berkshire, on 28th July 1791. He died on 1st August 1794, a month before Gower’s return from China. Gower’s references to 'Your young ladies' in his letters no doubt included the very beautiful Miss Sarah Martin, whom Gower was also attracted to.

McCurdy, Surgeon William RN (1759-1813).

Shown as a surgeon’s mate from 19th November 1777 to 23rd June 1781. 7 TNA - ADM 29/1/117 Named in Gower’s will in 1811 as a Surgeon and Apothecary practising in Hambledon, Hampshire. His eldest daughter, Helen, is named in Gower’s will as his 'much esteemed and most valuable friend'. In 1802 McCurdy took over the practice of Dr Isdell, in Hambledon, describing himself as ‘Surgeon, Apothecary and Manmidwife'. 8 Hampshire Telegraph & Portsmouth Gazette, Monday, June 21, 1802. A copy of McCurdy’s will, dated 3rd May 1813, is held. It was proved on 3rd June 1813. Described as a Surgeon in His Majesty’s Navy, of Hambledon, Hampshire, he left his entire estate to his wife, Elizabeth (nee Cuppage). Executors were John Cuppage, Colonel in the Honourable East India Company, Alexander Cuppage of Luigan in Ireland, and Justly Hill, Clerk [cleric] of the parish of Shanklin in the Isle of Wight. Witnesses were Admiral P. Hamilton, 9 Admiral Charles Powell Hamilton, born on 26th December 1747. He was the son of Lord Anne [sic] Hamilton and Anna Charlotta Maria Powell. He married Lucretia Prosser, daughter of George Augustus Prosser, in May 1777 and died on 12 March 1825, aged 77. Surgeon John Bulbeck and Lucretia C. S Hamilton, 10 Daughter of Admiral Charles Hamilton. all of Hambledon. William McCurdy, surgeon, was a son of John McCurdy and Letitia Hamilton, 11 Probably a sister or aunt to Admiral Charles Hamilton. and he married Elizabeth Cuppage. Their family is believed to be: 12 Information partly supplied by Shane McCurdy, Magheralin, Northern Ireland.
  • Hellen McCurdy ( c. 1790 - 1818) A piece of jewellery is held in a private collection in England. It has the following inscribed on the back; 'Helen McCurdy - Died Sept 4th 1818 - The Maid is not Dead but Sleepeth'. Died 'at lodgings at Southsea common, aged 28.' 13 Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle, Monday, September 7, 1818.
  • John McCurdy, Royal Navy – Lieutenant 1806 [presumed alive in 1823; dead by 1833] ; married Elizabette Sarah Livingston (1789-1846) of St. John's, Newfoundland, on 6th September 1808. She is buried at St Johns Wood Church, St John’s Wood, London. It is believed that the John McCurdy who participated in a raid on the French being the pilot of the frigate Belle Poule (off the coast of what is now Jugoslavia) in 1811 was this John McCurdy. Gower wrote to Viscount Nelson, probably in late 1803, seeking a position for McCurdy and stating that he had passed for lieutenant and was serving as a midshipman in HMS Phoebe, (36). HMS Phoebe served at Trafalgar but it is believed McCurdy was no longer aboard at that time. He may have been with Gower in Newfoundland between 1805 and 1807.
  • Letitia McCurdy, died 1841, in Ballymoney, County Antrim; dsp
  • Stephen Cuppage McCurdy, born 19 November 1786; Royal Navy – Lieutenant 1807; Will probate 1st February 1816. (TNA). Died at Hambledon 1815, aged 24. 14 Jackson’s Oxford Journal, Saturday, December 30, 1815.
  • Mary McCurdy
  • William Alexander McCurdy; (? -1819); Lieutenant United East India Company, Madras. Administration of Estate 5 December 1820
  • Edward Archdale McCurdy. (1799-1842). Lieutenant Colonel 27th Regiment (formerly Captain 17th Regiment), Madras Native Infantry. Married Eliza Flora [?] in1827. (Will in TNA).
A surgeon, John McCurdy, was in Newfoundland in 1800 where he assisted in inoculating the population against smallpox; one of the early pioneers with Jenner in this field. It is presumed he was a relative of William McCurdy. William McCurdy’s substantial 'gentleman’s residence' was offered for sale in 1813 by his executors. 15 Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle, Monday, June 28, 1813.

MacDonald, Commander Archibald RN (1786-?).

Entered navy as a midshipman in HMS Ardent, (64), in 1798. Wounded in 1801 off Copenhagen. In 1802 he went to HMS Bellerophun, (74). Served as acting lieutenant under Gower in Newfoundland in HM Schooner Capelin, (4). Carried dispatches from Gower to London. Lieutenant Macdonald was, in December 1806, tried by court martial and placed on the bottom of the list for running Capelin on shore. Fortunately for him she was re-floated and served several more years before being wrecked in the hands of another officer.

Mason, Vice-admiral Sir Francis KCB RN (1779-1853).

Served under Gower in Newfoundland as commander in HMS Rattler. Made post captain 22 January 1806 and rear-admiral 28 June 1838. In October 1841 he hoisted his flag in HMS Impregnable, (104), and sailed to Malta. In June 1842 he had his flag in HMS Howe, (120), and in 1843 he was again in Impregnable in the Mediterranean. Appointed vice-admiral of the blue 9 May 1849, vice-admiral of the white in June 1851 and vice-admiral of the red 1852. Married Hon. Selina Hood (daughter of Henry, 2nd Viscount Hood) in 1805 and had two sons and a daughter. Selina was a younger sister to Susannah who married Rev. Richard George Richards, Gower's close friend at Hambledon. Vice-admiral Mason died at Eastbourne, East Sussex, on 27th May 1853. His address was Wheler-lodge, Leicestershire. Selina died in 1863.

Morrison, Ret. Vice-admiral Isaac Hawkins RN. (?-1860).

Midshipman in HM brig Gannet 1802-3 (Captain Edward Bass) and passed for lieutenant 1st May 1804. Commanded the Queen Charlotte cutter in Newfoundland and carried out valuable surveys for Governor Gower. He was also sent to Ferryland, Trepassey and Placentia with recruiting parties from the Newfoundland Regiment. Made commander 10th June 1808 and commanded the Achates brig, (16), in 1813. In October he engaged a large French frigate la Trave, causing considerable damage to the enemy ship which was soon after captured by HMS Andromache. Made post captain 7th June 1814 and rear-admiral 9th October 1849 and Retired Vice-admiral on 21st October 1856. At one time he was employed as an Inspecting Commander of the Revenue Coast Guard Service in Ireland. Morrison married Louisa Adams (presumed widow -daughter of John Powell Smith) in 1823 and they had six children. He died on the 16th August 1860 at Claremont Terrace, St. Usher's, Jersey where the family had lived at least since 1837 when their youngest daughter, Ellen Augusta was born.

Mouatt, [often Mouat] Captain Patrick RN (c.1713-1790).

Born in Scotland and was apprenticed to a ship builder which equipped him well for his role in later life. He joined the navy and was promoted to lieutenant on 20th January 1745/6. Soon after entering the navy he came under the patronage of Captain John Byron (qv), serving as midshipman and junior lieutenant under him before promotion to first lieutenant in HMS Vanguard in 1756 and then HMS America, still with Byron. Promoted to commander 22nd May 1758, he commanded a sloop and then the Cormorant fireship until 1762. He commanded HMS Tamar with Byron in Dolphin 1764 16 See Bates, Biography of Sir Erasmus Gower, chapter - With Byron. and was promoted to post captain by Byron on 28th April 1765, when he moved into Dolphin. No further service has been noted and he died on 5th May 1790 (aged 77). 17 General Evening Post, Thursday, May 6, 1790 His furniture and effects were sold at auction on 15th July 1790, indicating that he probably lived alone when he died. The trading company, Mouat & Co, in India was possibly his business in later life, perhaps originally in partnership with an old shipmate, William Kerton, and later his brother, Richard Kerton. His son, Alexander Mouat, sailed in Cook’s last voyage, entering the crew as a 15 year old midshipman on HMS Discovery. He deserted at Tahiti in November 1777 and was recaptured after Cook took several eminent natives hostage. However he seems to have survived in the navy (probably through his father’s influence) as he is noted as commander of the Rattlesnake ,(16), and Porcupine, (24), in 1793. (Compare this to the fate of Bligh’s deserters at the same place). He died on 11th October 1793, leaving a widow and daughter. Another son, a lieutenant in the marines, died in Antigua in 1786. Gower took another relative, Richard Mouatt, a midshipman, on board HMS Medea to India in 1782. He was discharged by order of Sir Edward Hughes on 30th August 1783 but the Medea muster does not indicate which ship he went into. Nothing else has been discovered about this boy.